I said at the outset that this stage in Russia’s transition to democracy is cause for optimism and pessimism. Ultimately, I think optimism will triumph.
Eastward across the sea from Greece lay the ancient citadel of Troy. Legend tells how a thousand ships once sailed there carrying an invading army.
World War II was a godsend to American liberals. The New Deal had been dead in the water since 1937, torpedoed by its fundamental failure to effect an end to depression and its increasingly annoying meddling with traditional patterns of American life.
Seventy-three years ago, the First World War ended in Europe. The armistice took effect at eleven o’clock in the morning—the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month: a symbolic acknowledgement that European civilization had come close to irreversible ruin.
Ours has been the century of the total State. When, in the 1920s, Benito Mussolini coined the term “totalitarian,” he captured the spirit of the age.
In words that would inspire for centuries, Socrates refused to stoop to a genuine defense of his actions and what he saw as begging for forgiveness
What happened to the Russian POWs after that, however, was far from glorious. They were thrown into wired camps on the open steppe.
I hope my title intrigued you, for what I will try to do here is connect the ancient world with the world of the future.
A little more than 50 years ago, the New Deal farm program was launched. Today, we may refer to its "golden anniversary," but it is tarnished gold.
The New Deal needs to be examined with candor, now that people no longer are roused to partisan political passions by discussion of the Roosevelt era.